Connections vol. 20, no.1, Winter 2021 Transforming Intelligence

Authoritarian systems are based on intelligence and state security services protecting the ‘state,, if not the people. But what happens to them once the totalitarian state goes out of business? This special issue of Connections looks at successful and promising transitions and transformations towards the democratic Rule of Law and seeks to establish commonalities in the transition processes. The reader can find useful lessons from the transformation of the intelligence services of Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, South Africa, and Indonesia.This issue complements previously published studies on the post-communist transformation of the intelligence services of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Latvia.