Cyber Situational Awareness and Information Sharing in Critical Infrastructure Organizations
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Information & Security: An International Journal, Volume 43, Issue 2, p.236-256 (2019)
Keywords:Critical Infrastructure, Cybersecurity, information sharing, Situational awareness, vital societal functions
Cybersecurity-related capabilities play an ever-growing role in national security, as well as securing the functions vital to society. The national cyber capability includes the resilience of companies running critical infrastructures, their cyber situational awareness (SA) and the sharing of cybersecurity information required for cyber SA. As critical infrastructures become more complex and interdependent, ramifications of incidents multiply. The EU Network and Information Security Directive calls for cybersecurity collaboration between EU member states regarding critical infrastructures and places the most crucial service providers and digital service providers under security-related obligations. Developing better SA requires information sharing between the different interest groups and enhances the preparation for and management of incidents. The arrangement is based on drawing correct situation-specific conclusions and, when needed, on sharing critical knowledge in the cyber networks. The target state is achieved with an efficient process that includes a three-level—strategic, operational and technical/tactical—operating model to support decision-making by utilizing national and international strengths. In the dynamic cyber environment strategic agility and speed are needed to prepare for incidents.