Security Environment

Security Environment

General description of security environment, comparative analysis, trends, data

Nonlethal Weapons and Intermediate Force: A Necessary Complement to Lethality

LeVine, Susan. "Nonlethal Weapons and Intermediate Force: A Necessary Complement to Lethality." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 21, no. 2 (2022): 55-66.


The phrase nonlethal weapons often brings to mind capabilities such as bean bags, rubber bullets, pepper spray, and electric stun guns. These capabilities are used domestically by law enforcement and by the military, primarily for protection and security missions. Nonlethal weapons (NLW) technology, however, has advanced significantly over the past 20 years.

21.2.04_intermediate_capabilities.pdf — Downloaded 102 times

Serbia’s Orientation Challenge and Ways to Overcome It

Pavičić, Vesna. "Serbia’s Orientation Challenge and Ways to Overcome It." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 18, no. 1 (2019): 111-127.


This article aims to address the historical challenge and dilemma that Serbia has been facing for some time and will face for the years to come. It has to complete its democratic transition as one of the complex challenges. Domestic democratization must go hand in hand with the continuation of modernization as well as continuing alignment with the West and integration in institutions that would further contribute to the consolidation of Serbia’s transformation.

18.1.07_serbia_orientation.pdf — Downloaded 1334 times

Facing an Unpredictable Threat: Is NATO Ideally Placed to Manage Climate Change as a Non-Traditional Threat Multiplier?

From Wales to Warsaw and Beyond: NATO’s Strategic Adaptation to the Russian Resurgence on Europe’s Eastern Flank

A Changing Security Paradigm. New Roles for New Actors – The Russian Approach

Banasik, Mirosław. "A Changing Security Paradigm. New Roles for New Actors – The Russian Approach." Connections: The Quarterly Journal 15, no. 4 (2016): 31-43.



In 2014, the Russian Federation conducted two separate phases of operations in Ukraine. Despite substantial differences in the objectives of and methods used within the operations, it is worth noting that their natures have much in common. Both operations were planned and conducted in accordance with the doctrine followed by Gerasimov and on the basis of the concept hybrid war­fare.

Expanded Capability Portfolios to Steer Force Development under Strategic Uncertainty