The Military’s Response to Pandemic Disease
The Covid-19 crisis has caused leaders in all affected countries to turn to their armed forces for support in an ever-expanding range of roles. Armed forces are being tasked to provide capabilities that, in many instances, go beyond what they have provided in past crises. It must be expected that these demands will continue to mount even as the current crisis abates, as the pandemic is expected to remain a top national concern for months to come.
The Bulgarian armed forces, just like the armed forces in many other countries, have three main roles: defense of the sovereignty and the national territory, contribution to international peace and security, and contribution to internal security, particularly in times of crises. In peacetime, the third of these roles is most visible to society. The military contribution during the Covid-19 pandemic makes no exception.
he Comfortable Laziness of Deterrence Theory
Can anything new and meaningful be said of deterrence? Not necessarily starting from Hermocrates of Syracuse, any analysis of deterrence has at least to notice that deterrence, narrowly understood, refers to a threat of punishment. At the same, it should be noted that a wider reading acknowledges two aspects of deterrence: punishment and denial.
NATO Presence in Eastern Europe after the Changes of 1989 
The elaboration in this article is based on developments of multinational formations in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)/South Eastern Europe (SEE), improving their interoperability and readiness through multinational projects, especially in the area of Communications and Information (C&I), and adequate education and training, including exercises.
Deterrence has been practiced over the centuries to dissuade an opponent considering a coercive course of action, e.g., an armed attack. The concept became subject of rigorous debates with the advent of the nuclear weapons. By the 1960s, the works by Bernard Brodie, Herman Kahn, Glenn H. Snyder, Thomas C.